盟缆屠 >>> 闲叛疼世拶扰堰 (信弦人热) 形蜒热 蜒研


秒噔磬
    项麾 蓄耨梃 蜒研
    灭栳 蓄耨梃
    髓轫桕 蓄耨梃
    骂漕痤耠 蓄耨梃
    填躅钺疣珥 蓄耨梃
    腻疱恻 牦耱囵龛觇 耩邃礤 镱腩覃
    茵噔龛耱 疣耱屙 耩邃礤 镱腩覃
    袜皴觐禧-怵邃栩咫 脲耦 蓄耨梃
    橡羼眍忸漤 徨耧铉忸眍黜 蓄耨梃
    捻邂睇 徉犷麝 耩邃礤 镱腩覃
    橡羼眍忸漤 镳铛钿睇 瘥猁
    清祉钼钿睇 (囔翳徼) 蓄耨梃
    橡羼禧赅桢 (疱矧桦梃) 蜒研
    向桷 耩邃礤 镱腩覃 蓄耨梃
    袜珏祉 祀尻铒栩帼 蓄耨梃

蓐铍钽梓羼觇 皱眚 蓐铖桉蝈爨 磬 Facebook 蓐铍钽梓羼觇 皱眚 蓐铖桉蝈爨 率铐蜞牝

妈溴铌囗嚯 蓐铖桉蝈爨

青沭箸栩 镳桦铈屙 桤 爨汔玷磬 Google Play / Play Market
青沭箸栩 镳桦铈屙 桤 AppStore / iTunes

莉豚-铒疱溴腓蝈朦 '向桷 蓄耨梃' 潆 iPhone  iPad: 玎沭箸栩 桤 AppStore (iTunes) 徨耧豚蝽

悟潲  囡囵蜞戾眚  令脬囵梃
橡邃腩驽龛 潆 蝈, 牝 膻徼 镳桊钿 箦滂礤龛 躅麇 铗漕蹴篁 磬 蚋镫铎 祛疱 涓忸 徨 镱耩邃龛觐: 铗 20 邂痤 耋蜿 玎 蝠艴觐祉囹眢 赈囵蜩痼 磬 祛疱!


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项溴腓蝈顸 耨觐 漯箸扈:

喻遽眍-镱珥噔囹咫 耜箴耔 磬 楞痤凌钤屦祗 项潇铖觐恻 !

项驵塍轳蜞, 耱噔 汨镥瘃覃腙 磬 襦轵 www.rus-nature.ru 羼腓 蔓 觐镨痼弪  爨蝈痂嚯!
骂 桤徨驵龛 礤漕疣珞戾龛 铉磬觐禳蝈顸 镳噔桦囔 觐镨痤忄龛 爨蝈痂嚯钼 襦轵 www.rus-nature.ru

礤觐祆屦麇耜铎 软蝈痦弪-爨汔玷礤 蓐铍钽梓羼觐泐 皱眚疣 "蓐铖桉蝈爨" 祛骓 礤漕痤泐 (镱 皴徨耱铊祛耱 镳铊玮钿耱忄) 牦镨螯 (玎赅玎螯 镱 镱黩 磬腩驽眄 镫囹彐铎, .. 徨 镳邃铒豚螓) 磬 噔蝾瘃觇 戾蝾滂麇耜桢 爨蝈痂嚯 镱 珙铍钽梃 (徨耧铉忸眍黜 镱玮铐铟睇 骅忸蝽):
10 觐祜蝈痦 (尻蝠铐睇) 铒疱溴腓蝈脲, 蝾 麒耠: 磬皴觐禧-怵邃栩咫 脲耦 蓄耨梃, 镳羼眍忸漤 镳铛钿睇 瘥猁, 囔翳徼 (珏祉钼钿睇), 疱矧桦梃 (镳羼禧赅桢), 矧桷, 桴 沩彗溧, 轹 泐腩襦, 祀尻铒栩帼 (玮屦) 耠邃 桴 骅珥邃蝈朦眍耱,
20 鲡弪睇 豚扈龛痤忄眄 铒疱溴腓蝈朦睇 蜞犭桷, 蝾 麒耠: 忸漤 徨耧铉忸眍黜, 漤邂睇 徉犷麝, 瘥猁, 囔翳徼 疱矧桦梃, 玷祗桢 矧桷, 镥疱脲蝽 矧桷, 祀尻铒栩帼 桴 耠邃,
4 赅痨囗睇 镱脲恹 铒疱溴腓蝈, 蝾 麒耠: 钺栩囹咫 忸漕屐钼, 矧桷 耩邃礤 镱腩覃 玮屦 桴 耠邃, 蜞赕
65 戾蝾滂麇耜桴 镱耦徼 40 篦遽眍-戾蝾滂麇耜桴 翳朦祛戾蝾滂赅 镳钼邃屙 磬篦眍-桉耠邃钼囹咫觇 疣犷 镳桊钿 ( 镱脲恹 篑腩忤).

项耢铗疱螯 软蝈痦弪-爨汔玷礤


橡羼禧赅桢 (疱矧桦梃) 蓄耨梃
(汶噔磬 耱疣龛鲟 疣玟咫)

泥眄 耱疣龛鲟 怆弪 汶噔眍 耱疣龛鲥 疣玟咫, 镱疋眄钽 铒桉囗棹 镳羼禧赅桴 (疱矧桦栝)  蓄耨梃 耱疣 猁怿邈 蜒研. 袜 礤 镳桠邃屙 耨觇 磬 铒桉囗 桤钺疣驽龛 177 忤漕 80 蜞犟铐钼 (铗漕, 皴戾轳蜮 痤漕) 镳羼禧赅桴.

悟钺疣眄 潆 怅膻麇龛 溧眄 耧桉铌 忤潲 怆 磬栳铍邋 疣耧痤耱疣礤眄 磬 怦屐 镳铖蝠囗耱忮 蓄耨梃 蜒研: 铗 玎镟漤 沭囗桷 漕 泥朦礤泐 骂耱铌 铗 鲤牝桕 漕 睇 沭囗桷 (怅膻鬣 枢怅噻 佯邃睨 犁棹).

孰桕眢 磬 磬玮囗桢 铗溧, 皴戾轳蜮, 痤溧 桦 忤溧 龛驽耠邃簋 耧桉赍, 蔓 镱镟溴蝈 羿殡, 耦溴疰帙屐 镱漯钺眍 铒桉囗桢 蜞犟铐* 桦 犷脲 牮箫眍 桤钺疣驽龛 铒桉囗桢 忤溧**.


袜 襦轵 铍钽梓羼觐泐 皱眚疣 "蓐铖桉蝈爨" 祛骓 镳桀狃羼蜩 鲡弪眢 铒疱溴腓蝈朦眢 蜞犭桷 "漓翳徼 疱矧桦梃 耩邃礤 镱腩覃 蓄耨梃" 觐祜蝈痦 铒疱溴腓蝈朦 镳羼禧赅桴 (疱矧桦栝) 蓄耨梃 蜒研, 蜞赕 漯筱桢 戾蝾滂麇耜桢 爨蝈痂嚯 镱 骅忸蝽 疣耱屙 蓄耨梃 (耢. 忭桤 耱疣龛鳆).


袜玮囗 蜞犟铐钼 忤漕 镳桠邃屙 耔耱屐囹梓羼觐 镱潢
[理囗忄 .., 令痍桧 .., 泥疱怦觇 .., 勿腩 .. 清祉钼钿睇 镳羼禧赅桢. 蓓鲨觌铒邃 镳桊钿 蓄耨梃. - .: ABF, 1998]

仕姥 信弦人热, 桦 闲叛疼世拶扰堰 REPTILIA
我羞 着信侠杖 TESTUDINES
彦戾轳蜮 填瘃觇 麇疱镟蹊 Cheloniidae, 痤 祟沣屦蹂潲, 桦 妙腩忄耱 麇疱镟蹊 Caretta
彦戾轳蜮 暑骅耱 麇疱镟蹊 Dermochelyidae
彦戾轳蜮 汴铗咫 麇疱镟蹊 Trionychidae, 痤 泥朦礤忸耱铟睇 麇疱镟蹊 Pelodiscus
彦戾轳蜮 橡羼眍忸漤 麇疱镟蹊 Emydidae, 痤 令腩蝽 麇疱镟蹊 Emys, 痤 骂漤 麇疱镟蹊 Mauremys
彦戾轳蜮 洋躅矬蝽 麇疱镟蹊 Testudinidae, 痤 佯邃桤屐眍祛瘃觇 麇疱镟蹊 Testudo, 痤 佯邃礤噻栲蝰觇 麇疱镟蹊 Agrionemys

我羞 着赜勺酪叟 SQUAMATA
衔奈倚吣 哔判戎 SAURIA
彦戾轳蜮 缅觋铐 Gekkonidae, 痤 彦忮痤噻栲蝰觇 沐觋铐麒觇 Alsophylax, 痤 捩眍噻栲蝰觇 沐觋铐麒觇 Bunopus, 痤 灭遽礤镟臌 沐觋铐 Crossobamon, 痤 翌黻铒嚯 沐觋铐 Cyrtopodion, 痤 蒹犭弭囵 Eublepharis, 痤 仰桧觐恹 沐觋铐 Teratoscincus
彦戾轳蜮 楞囔钼 Agamidae, 痤 犁栲蝰觇 泐痦 嚆囔 Laudakia, 痤 朽忭桧睇 嚆囔 Trapelus, 痤 署筱腩泐腩怅 Phrynocephalus
彦戾轳蜮 锣疣眍恹 Varanidae, 痤 锣疣睇 Varanus
彦戾轳蜮 洛疱蝈龛鲨邂 Anguidae, 痤 洛疱蝈龛鳆 Anguis, 痤 相眦桊睇 忮疱蝈龛鳆 Pseudopus
彦戾轳蜮 仰桧觐恹 Scincidae, 痤 妙腩汶噻 Ablepharus, 痤 礼桁犭弭囵 Asymblepharus, 痤 锗膂桎 Chalcides, 痤 锑狍 Mabuya, 痤 庆邋痂鳆 Ophiomorus, 痤 碾桧眍眍汨 聆桧觇 Eumeces
彦戾轳蜮 袜耱 啭屦桷 Lacertidae, 痤 啭箴觇 Eremias, 痤 袜耱 啭屦桷 Lacerta, 痤 体襦腓睇 Mesalina, 痤 庆邋泐腩怅 Ophisops, 痤 羊屙睇 痂鳆 Podarcis, 痤 念脬铛忸耱觇 Tachydromus
衔奈倚吣 翘湃 SERPENTES
彦戾轳蜮 央屣铉戾殛, 桦 央屣箜 Typhlopidae, 痤 央屣铉戾殛, 桦 央屣箜 Typhlops
彦戾轳蜮 祟骓铐钽桢, 桦 愉噔 Boidae, 痤 愉噔麒觇 舝篚
彦戾轳蜮 渔孱狃噻睇 Colubridae, 痤 隋耥 箧 Amphiesma, 痤 令殂 Boiga, 痤 羊痤轫 镱腩琨 Coluber, 痤 体黻 Coronella, 痤 蔫眍漕睇 Dinodon, 痤 蓍疱龛覃 Eirenis, 痤 肃玎桢 镱腩琨 Elaphe, 痤 骂腙铉筢 Lycodon, 痤 髓蝾痂眭 Lythoihynchus, 痤 啭屦梓睇 珈彖 Malpolon, 痤 袜耱 渔 Natrix, 痤 坞桡钿铐 Oligodon, 痤 襄聍囗 珈彖 Psammophis, 痤 像邂漕鲨觌铘桉 Pseudocyclophis, 痤 令朦汶噻 镱腩琨 Ptyas, 痤 碾桧眍珞猁 箧 Rhabdophis, 痤 需眭铌嚯囔篑 Rhynchocalamus, 痤 族咫钺 镱腩琨 Spalerosophis, 痤 暑鼽 珈彖 Telescopus
彦戾轳蜮 礼镨漕恹 珈彖 Elapidae, 痤 袜耱 觐狃, 桦 西觐恹 珈彖 Naja
彦戾轳蜮 填瘃觇 珈彖 Hydrophiidae, 痤 襄豚扈潲 Pelamis
彦戾轳蜮 想铖觐踱铖螓 填瘃觇 珈彖, 桦 填瘃觇 牮嚅螓 Laticaudidae, 痤 祟骓 祛瘃觇 牮嚅螓 Pseudolaticauda
彦戾轳蜮 绵濑觐恹 珈彖, 桦 绵濑觇 Viperidae, 痤 勹蝾祛痄龛觇 Agkistrodon, 痤 蒴 Echis, 痤 绵濑觇 Vipera

祟沣屦蹂, 桦 泐腩忄耱 麇疱镟踵 Caretta caretta
暑骅耱 麇疱镟踵 Dermochelys coriacea
泥朦礤忸耱铟磬 麇疱镟踵 Pelodiscus sinensis (= Trionyx maackii)
令腩蝽 麇疱镟踵 Emys orbicularis (= Emys europaea, = Emys lutaria taurica, = Emys orbicularis aralensis)
枢耧栝耜 麇疱镟踵 Mauremys caspica
佯邃桤屐眍祛瘃赅 麇疱镟踵 Testudo graeca
佯邃礤噻栲蝰赅 麇疱镟踵 Agrionemys horsfieldii
秒噤觇 沐觋铐麒 Alsophylax laevis (= Alsophylax pipiens)
相眦桊睇 沐觋铐麒 Alsophylax loricatus
翔耜腓恹 沐觋铐麒 Alsophylax pipiens (= Alsophylax microtis)
亦滏桕耜栝 沐觋铐麒 Alsophylax tadjikiensis (= Alsophylax laevis, = Alsophylax laevis tadjikiensis)
睃眈觇 沐觋铐麒 Alsophylax tokobajevi
馏泐瘅囹 沐觋铐麒 Bunopus tuberculatus (= Alsophylax tuberculatus)
灭遽礤镟臌 沐觋铐 Crossobamon eversmanni
枢耧栝耜栝 沐觋铐 Cyrtopodion caspius (= Gymnodactylus caspius)
殷痍羼蜞眈觇 沐觋铐 Cyrtopodion fedtschenkoi (= Gymnodactylus fedtchenkoi)
佯邃桤屐眍祛瘃觇 沐觋铐 Cyrtopodian kotschyi (= Gymnodactylus kotschyi)
碾桧眍眍汨 沐觋铐 Cyrtopodion longipes (= Gymnodactylus longipes, = Gymnodactylus microlepis)
彦瘥 泐腩镟臌 沐觋铐 Cyrtopodion russowi (= Gymnodactylus russowi)
暑膻麇踱铖螓 沐觋铐 Cyrtopodion spinicauda (= Alsophylax spinicauda, = Gymnodactylus spinicauda)
殷痍戾眈觇 沐觋铐 Cyrtopodion turcmenicus (= Gymnodactylus turcmenicus)
殷痍戾眈觇 犭弭囵 Eublepharis turcmenicus (= Eublepharis macularius)
仰桧觐恹 沐觋铐 Teratoscincus scincus (= Teratoscincus zarydnyi)
枢怅噻耜 嚆囔 Laudakia caucasia (= Stellio caucasius, = Agama caucasia, = Agama reticulata)
楞囔 族痦钼 Laudakia chernovi (= Agama chernovi, = Stellio chernovi)
疹疣襦眈赅 嚆囔 Laudakia erytrogastra (= Stellio erythrogaster, = Agama erythrogastra)
描爨豚轳赅 嚆囔 Laudakia himalayana (= Stellio himalayanus, = Stellio bochariensis, = Agama isozona, = Agama himalayana)
殷痍羼蜞眈赅 嚆囔 Laudakia lehmanni (= Stellio lehmanni, = Agama lehmanni)
畜桧磬 嚆囔 Trapelus ruderatus (= Agama ruderata, = Agama mutabilis)
羊屣磬 嚆囔 Trapelus sanguinolentus (= Agama sanguinolenta, = Agama aralensis)
署筱腩泐腩怅-忮痱桴忸耱赅 Phrynocephalus guttatus (= Phrynocephalus caudivolvulus, = Phrynocephalus bergi, = Phrynocephalus bedriagai)
亦犒痦 牮筱腩泐腩怅 Phrynocephalus helioscopus (= Phrynocephalus uralensis, = Phrynocephalus varius)
襄聍囗 牮筱腩泐腩怅 Phrynocephalus interscapularis
蝽桉蜞 牮筱腩泐腩怅 Phrynocephalus maculatus
青轳囗耜 牮筱腩泐腩怅 Phrynocephalus melanurus
署筱腩泐腩怅 填膑囗钼 Phrynocephalus moltschanowi (= Phrynocephalus caudivolvulus var. moltschanowi, = Phrynocephalus guttatus moltschanowi)
峪囫蜞 牮筱腩泐腩怅 Phrynocephalus mystaceus (= Megalochilus mystaceus)
青赅耧栝耜 牮筱腩泐腩怅 Phrynocephahis raddei (= Phrynocephalus reticulatus)
彦蝼囹 牮筱腩汶钼赅 Phrynocephalus reticulatus (= Phrynocephalus nikolskii)
斟眚囿眈赅 牮筱腩泐腩怅 Phrynocephalus rossikowi
杨沅栲眈赅 牮筱腩泐腩怅 Phrynocephalus sogdianus (= Phrynocephalus interscapularis sogdianus)
署筱腩泐腩怅 仳疣篚 Phrynocephalus strauchi (= Phrynocephalus reticulatus strauchi)
襄耱疣 牮筱腩泐腩怅 Phrynocephalus versicolor
彦瘥 忄疣 Varanus griseus (= Psammodromus caspius)
洛疱蝈龛鲟 腩礻 Anguis fragilis
棋腧铒箸桕, 桦 汶篚囵 Pseudopus apodus
项腩襦螓 泐腩汶噻 Ablepharus bivittatus
妙腩汶噻 族痦钼 Ablepharus chernovi
象耱睇 泐腩汶噻 Ablepharus deserti (= Ablepharus tenuis, = Ablepharus turkestanicus)
犁栲蝰觇 泐腩汶噻 Ablepharus pannonicus (= Ablepharus brandtii)
离嚅耜栝 囫桁犭弭囵 Asymblepharus alaicus (= Ablepharus kucenkoi, = Ablepharus saposhnikovi, = Ablepharus bivittatus alaicus)
秒噻鬣螓 踵膂桎 Chalcides ocellatus
穷腩蜩耱 爨狍 Mabuya aurata
殷痍戾眈赅 珈邋痂鲟 Ophiomorus chernovi
碾桧眍眍汨 聆桧 Eumeces schneideri
勹蜿钼 聆桧 Eumeces taeniolatus (= Eumeces scutatus)
泥朦礤忸耱铟睇 聆桧 Eumeces latiscutatus
填磴铍赅 痍 Eremias argus (= Eremias barbouri)
朽珥铞忮蝽 痍 Eremias arguta
枢囵耜 痍 Eremias buechneri
彦蝼囹 痍 Eremias grammica (= Scapteira persica, = Scapteira zarudnyi)
佯邃 痍 Eremias intermedia (= Eremias transcaspica)
髓礤轺囹 痍 Eremias lineolata (= Scapteira grum-grzimailoi)
秒噻鬣蜞 痍 Eremias multiocellata (= Eremias velox stummeri)
疏疸桤耜 痍, 桦 痍 丸觐朦耜钽 Eremias nikolskii
族痦铒蝽桉蜞 痍 Eremias nigrocellata
襄瘃桎耜 痍 Eremias persica
青赅怅噻耜 痍 Eremias pleskei
妙徼轳赅 痍 Eremias przewalsJdi (= Podarces kessleri)
亦滏桕耜 痍 Eremias regeli
襄聍囗, 桦 镱腩襦蜞, = 痍 Eremias scripta (= Scapteira bilkewitschi, = Scapteira ladzini)
啭箴赅 仳疣篚 Eremias strauchi
聋耱疣 痍 Eremias velox
皱眚疣朦眍噻栲蝰赅 痍 Eremias vermiculata
橡赅 痂鲟 Lacerta agilis (= Lacerta paradoxa, = Lacerta boemica)
佯邃 痂鲟 Lacerta media
项腩襦蜞 痂鲟 Lacerta strigata
清脲磬 痂鲟 Lacerta viridis
离栝耜 痂鲟 Lacerta alpina
鲤眈赅 痂鲟 Lacerta armeniaca
枢怅噻耜 痂鲟 Lacerta caucasica
清脲眍狃 痂鲟 Lacerta chlorogaster (= Lacerta boettgeri)
殷疱鲫 痂鲟 Lacerta clarcorum
奏痦嚯赅 痂鲟 Lacerta dryada
泥沐耱囗耜 痂鲟 Lacerta daghestanica
啭屦桷 泥 Lacerta dahli
蓦箴耜 痂鲟 Lacerta defilippii
冷驵瘃赅 痂鲟 Lacerta mixta
署囫眍狃 痂鲟 Lacerta parvula
鼠痂眈赅 痂鲟 Lacerta portschinskii
犁屦徉殇驵眈赅 痂鲟 Lacerta raddei
啭屦桷 蓄耱铎徨觐忄 Lacerta rostombekovi
灭箸桧耜 痂鲟 Lacerta rudis
殃嚯 痂鲟 Lacerta saxicola
铃腩狃 痂鲟 Lacerta unisexualis
啭屦桷 锣脲眚桧 Lacerta valentini
瑞囗耜 痂鲟 Lacerta brandti
鲤蜮桧耜 痂鲟 Lacerta derjugini
锑腩噻栲蝰赅 痂鲟 Lacerta parva
梭泐忄 痂鲟 Lacerta praticola
畦忸痤 痂鲟 Lacerta vivipara
署囡鬣蜞 戾襦腓磬 Mesalina guttulata
羊痤轫 珈邋泐腩怅 Ophisops elegans
署耜 痂鲟 Podarcis taurica
漓箴耜 漕脬铛忸耱赅 Tachydromus amurensis
暑疱轳赅 漕脬铛忸耱赅 Tachydromus wolteri
族疴孱狃噻磬 耠屣铉戾殛 Typhlops vermicularis
羊痤轫 箐噔麒 Eryx elegans
青镟漤 箐噔麒 Eryx jaculus (= Eryx familiaris, = Eryx jaculus proprius, = Eryx jaculus turcicus)
襄聍囗 箐噔麒 Eryx miliaris (= Eryx miliaris rarus, = Eryx tataricus bogdanovi, = Eryx richmersi)
骂耱铟睇 箐噔麒 Eryx tataricus (= Eryx speciosus, = Eryx miliaris tataricus)
唢铐耜栝 箧 Amphiesma vibakari
软滂轳赅 犷殂 Boiga trigonatum
项腩 莉噱忄 Coluber atayevi (= Zamenis dahli, = Coluber najadum)
棋腧钺瘙蹊, 桦 赅耧栝耜栝, 镱腩 Coluber caspius (= Coluber acontistes, = Coluber thermalis, = Coluber jugularis caspius)
项镥疱黜铒铍铖囹 镱腩 Coluber karelini (= Zamenis karelini)
坞桠觐恹 镱腩 Coluber najadum (= Zamenis dahli, = Coluber dahli)
砚桧鲱恹 镱腩 Coluber nummifer (= Zamenis fedtschenkoi, = Zamenis glazunowi, = Coluber ravergieri nummifer)
朽珥铞忮蝽 镱腩 Coluber ravergieri (= Zamenis fedtschenkoi, = Zamenis glazunowi, = Elaphe dione plumbea, = Coluber ravergieri nummifer)
署囫眍镱腩覃 镱腩 Coluber rhodorhachis (= Zamenis rhodorhachis, = Zamenis ladacensis, = Zamenis ventrimaculatus)
署囫眍狃栝 镱腩 Coluber schmidti (= Coluber jugularis schmidti)
项腩襦螓 镱腩 Coluber spinalis
吾眍忮眄 戾黻 Coronella austri囫
署囫眍镱耥 滂眍漕 Dinodon rufozonatum
骂耱铟睇 滂眍漕 Dinodon orientale
硒彘龛觐恹 疱龛 Eirenis collaris
项腩襦螓 疱龛 Eirenis medus (= Contia fasciata, = Contia meda Chernov)
鸯桊睇 疱龛 Eirenis modestus (= Coluber nigricollis)
鲤眈觇 疱龛 Eirenis punctatolineatus (= Contia schelkovnikovi)
务蝠钼眍 镱腩 Elaphe dimacophora
隅铕鬣螓 镱腩 Elaphe dione (= Coluber dione, = Elaphe czerskii, = Elaphe dione niger, = Elaphe dione tenebrosa)
青赅怅噻耜栝 镱腩 Elaphe hohenackeri (= Coluber hohenackeri, = Elaphe taurica)
唢铐耜栝 镱腩 Elaphe japonica
蓠牦豚镱 镱腩 Elaphe longissima (= Coluber aesculapi, = Coluber longissima)
襄瘃桎耜栝 镱腩 Elaphe persica (= Coluber longissima var. persica)
锑腩麇轺囹 镱腩 Elaphe quadrivirgata
族螓疱躏铍铖 镱腩 Elaphe quatuorlineata (= Coluber quatuorlineatus)
署囫眍耧桧睇 镱腩 Elaphe rufodorsata
漓箴耜栝 镱腩 Elaphe schrenkii (= Elaphis schrenkii, = Coluber schrenkii)
隋铒囵漕恹 镱腩 Elaphe situla (= Coluber situla, = Coluber leopardinus)
翌黻铛忸耱 镱腩 Elaphe taeniura
项镥疱黜铒铍铖囹 忸腙铉筢 Lycodon striatus (= Contia bicolor)
吏汔眈觇 腓蝾痂眭 Lythorhynchus ridgewayi
啭屦梓磬 珈 Malpolon monspessulanus (= Coluber monspessulanus, = Coelopeltis monspessulana)
暑膈桎耜栝 箧 Natrix megalocephala
吾眍忮眄 箧 Natrix natrix (= Coluber natrix, = Coluber scutatus, = Coluber persa, = Tropidonotus natrix, = Tropidonotus ater)
骂眍 箧 Natrix tessellata (= Coluber idrus, = Coluber ponticus, = Colluber penttatus, = Tropidonotus tessellatus)
如戾眵桠 铍桡钿铐 Oligodon taeniolatus (= Contia transcaspica)
羊疱豚-珈 Psammophis lineolatus (= Taphrometopon lineolatum)
襄耦黜 珈, 桦 珏痂 Psammophis schokari
襄瘃桎耜栝 锺邂漕鲨觌铘桉 Pseudocydophis persicus (= Pseudocydophis walteri)
令朦汶噻 镱腩 Ptyas mucosus (= Coluber mucosus, = Zamenis mucosus)
诣沭钼 箧 Rhabdophis tigrina (= Tropidonotus tigrinus, = Natrix tigrina)
族痦钽铍钼 痂眭铌嚯囔篑 Rhynchocalamus melanocephalus (= Contia satunini)
族咫钺 镱腩 Spalerosophis diadema (= Zamenis diadema, = Coluber tyria)
暑鼽 珈 Telescopus fallax (= Tarbophis iberus, = Tarbophis jallax)
瑞囗耜 觐鼽 珈 Telescopus rhynopoma
佯邃礤噻栲蝰赅 觐狃 Naja oxiana (= Naja naja oxiana, = Tomyris oxiana)
拟篚鲡弪磬 镥豚扈溧 Pelamis platurus
令朦 祛瘃觐 牮嚅 Pseudolaticauda semifasciata (= Platurus semifasciata, = Laticauda semifasciata)
吾眍忮眄 蝾祛痄龛, 桦 蝾祛痄龛 相腚囫 Agkistrodon halys (= Coluber halys, = Agkistrodon halys intermedius, = Ancistrodon intermedius, = Ancistrodon halys, = Trigonocephalus caraganus, = Ancistrodon halys caraganus)
佯邃龛 蝾祛痄龛 Agkistrodon intermedius (= Ancistrodon intermedius, = Agkistrodon blomhoffi intermedius, = Ancistrodon halys intermedius, = Ancistrodon blomhoffi intermedius, = Agkistrodon halys intermedius)
枢戾龛耱 蝾祛痄龛 Agkistrodon saxatilis (= Ancistrodon intermedius, = Agkistrodon blomhqffi intermedius, = Ancistrodon blomhoffi intermedius, = Ancistrodon halys intermedius, = Ancistrodon saxatilis)
玉耋痂轳觇 蝾祛痄龛 Agkistrodon ussuriensis (= Ancistrodon blomhoffii, = Ancistrodon blomhoffii intermedius, = Ancistrodon halys intermedius, = Ancistrodon blomhoffii ussuriensis, = Agkistrodon halys ussuriensis)
佯邃礤噻栲蝰赅  Echis multisquamatus (= Echis carinatus)
吾眍忮眄 汔濑赅 Vipera berus (= Coluber berus)
绵濑赅 泥疱怦觐泐 Vipera darevskii Vedmederja (= Vipera renardi, = Vipera ursini eriwanensis, = Vipera kaznakovi dinniki)
绵濑赅 蔫眄桕 Vipera dinniki (= Vipera berus dinniki, = Vipera kaznakovi, = Vipera kaznakowi orientalis)
鲤眈赅 耱屣磬 汔濑赅 Vipera eriwanensis (= Acridophaga eriwanensis, = Vipera renardi, = Vipera ursini renardi, = Vipera ursini eriwanensis)
绵濑赅 枢珥嚓钼, 桦 赅怅噻耜 汔濑赅 Vipera kaznakovi (= Vipera renardi, = Vipera ursini kaznakowi, = Vipera berus ornata, = Coluber kaznakowi)
摸痃 Vipera lebetina (= Vipera obtusa, = Vipera xanthina, = Vipera mauritanica)
绵濑赅 祟蜩邂 Vipera lotievi (= Vipera berus, = Vipera ursini renardi)
绵濑赅 丸觐朦耜钽, 桦 脲耦耱屣磬 汔濑赅 Vipera nikolskii Vedmederja (= Vipera berus, = Vipera prester)
鲤眈赅 汔濑赅, 桦 汔濑赅 朽滗 Vipera raddei (= Vipera xanthina, = Vipera lebetina raddei, = Vipera xanthina raddei, = Daboia raddei raddei)
燕踵腓眈赅 汔濑赅 Vipera sachalinensis (= Vipera berus, = Vipera berus sachalinensis, = Coluber sachalinensis sachalinensis, = Coluber sachalinensis continentalis)
皖襦蜞 汔濑赅 Vipera transcaucasiana (= Vipera ammodytes, = Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana, = Coluber ammodytes)
羊屣磬 汔濑赅 Vipera ursini (= Coluber ursini, = Coluber renardi, = Vipera renardi, = Acridophaga uralensis, = Pelias renardi)

__________________________

* 橡 耦耱噔脲龛 蝈犟蝾恹 铒桉囗栝 蜞犟铐钼 猁豚 桉镱朦珙忄磬 耠邃簋 腓蝈疣蝮疣 ( 漕徉怆屙扈 桤戾礤龛扈 耦耱噔栩咫彘):
1) 理囗忄 .., 令痍桧 .., 泥疱怦觇 .., 勿腩 .. 清祉钼钿睇 镳羼禧赅桢. 蓓鲨觌铒邃 镳桊钿 蓄耨梃. - .: ABF, 1998, 576 .
2) 拎眄桕钼 .., 泥疱怦觇 .., 腮屙觐 .., 畜耱囔钼 .., 馘疳嚓 .. 物疱溴腓蝈朦 珏祉钼钿睇 镳羼禧赅桴 羿箜 蜒研. 喻遽眍 镱耦徼 潆 耱箐屙蝾 徼铍. 耧弼栲朦眍耱彘 镥. 桧-蝾. ., 橡铖忮龛, 1977, 414 .

** 橡 耦耱噔脲龛 桦膻耱疣鲨 猁腓 桉镱朦珙忄睇 耠邃簋 桉蝾黜桕:
1) 拎眄桕钼 .., 泥疱怦觇 .., 腮屙觐 .., 畜耱囔钼 .., 馘疳嚓 .. 物疱溴腓蝈朦 珏祉钼钿睇 镳羼禧赅桴 羿箜 蜒研. 喻遽眍 镱耦徼 潆 耱箐屙蝾 徼铍. 耧弼栲朦眍耱彘 镥. 桧-蝾. ., 橡铖忮龛, 1977, 414 .
2) 理囗忄 .., 令痍桧 .., 泥疱怦觇 .., 勿腩 .. 清祉钼钿睇 镳羼禧赅桢. 蓓鲨觌铒邃 镳桊钿 蓄耨梃. - .: ABF, 1998, 576 .
3) 湾觐蝾瘥 痂耋黻 犷朦眈蜮 纛蝾沭圄栝 忡螓 桤 软蝈痦弪.

 



铍钽梓羼觐 皱眚疱 "蓐铖桉蝈爨" 祛骓 镳桀狃羼蜩 鲡弪眢 铒疱溴腓蝈朦眢 蜞犭桷 "漓翳徼 疱矧桦梃 耩邃礤 镱腩覃 蓄耨梃" 觐祜蝈痦 铒疱溴腓蝈朦 镳羼禧赅桴 (疱矧桦栝) 蓄耨梃 蜒研, 蜞赕 漯筱桢 戾蝾滂麇耜桢 爨蝈痂嚯 镱 骅忸蝽 疣耱屙 蓄耨梃 (耢. 龛驽).

袜 磬 襦轵 蔓 蜞赕 祛驽蝈 镱珥嚓铎栩 桧纛痨圉桢 镱 囗囹铎梃, 祛痿铍钽梃 铍钽梃 镳羼禧赅桴: 钺 踵疣牝屦桉蜩赅 镳羼禧赅桴, 镱牮钼, 溻桄屙桢, 耜咫弪 镳羼禧赅桴, 铕汔睇 镨忄疱龛 镨蜞龛, 铕汔睇 潲踵龛 汔珙钺戾, 牮钼屙铖磬 耔耱屐 牮钼铑狃帙屙桢, 铕汔睇 恹溴脲龛 忸漤-耦脲忸 钺戾, 镱腩恹 铕汔睇 疣珈眍驽龛, 礤疴磬 耔耱屐 铕汔睇 黧怦蜮, 镱忮溴龛 钺疣 骅珥, 泐漕忸 鲨觌 骅珥, 沐钽疣翳麇耜铄 疣耧痤耱疣礤龛 痤朦 徼铞屙铉圊, 珥圜屙桢 镳羼禧赅桴 潆 麇腩忮赅, 蜞赕: 礤觐蝾瘥 镳噔桦 珙铍钽梓羼觐 眍戾黻豚蝮瘥, 铒疱溴脲龛 疱矧桦栝 镱 忭屮龛 镳桤磬赅, 疱觐戾礓箦爨 腓蝈疣蝮疣 镱 疱矧桦.

礤觐祆屦麇耜铎 软蝈痦弪-爨汔玷礤 蓐铍钽梓羼觐泐 皱眚疣 "蓐铖桉蝈爨" 祛骓 礤漕痤泐 (镱 皴徨耱铊祛耱 镳铊玮钿耱忄) 牦镨螯 (玎赅玎螯 镱 镱黩 磬腩驽眄 镫囹彐铎, .. 徨 镳邃铒豚螓) 磬 噔蝾瘃觇 戾蝾滂麇耜桢 爨蝈痂嚯 镱 珙铍钽梃 (徨耧铉忸眍黜 镱玮铐铟睇 骅忸蝽):
10 觐祜蝈痦 (尻蝠铐睇) 铒疱溴腓蝈脲, 蝾 麒耠: 磬皴觐禧-怵邃栩咫 脲耦 蓄耨梃, 镳羼眍忸漤 镳铛钿睇 瘥猁, 囔翳徼 (珏祉钼钿睇), 疱矧桦梃 (镳羼禧赅桢), 矧桷, 桴 沩彗溧, 轹 泐腩襦, 祀尻铒栩帼 (玮屦) 耠邃 桴 骅珥邃蝈朦眍耱,
20 鲡弪睇 豚扈龛痤忄眄 铒疱溴腓蝈朦睇 蜞犭桷, 蝾 麒耠: 忸漤 徨耧铉忸眍黜, 漤邂睇 徉犷麝, 瘥猁, 囔翳徼 疱矧桦梃, 玷祗桢 矧桷, 镥疱脲蝽 矧桷, 祀尻铒栩帼 桴 耠邃,
4 赅痨囗睇 镱脲恹 铒疱溴腓蝈, 蝾 麒耠: 钺栩囹咫 忸漕屐钼, 矧桷 耩邃礤 镱腩覃 玮屦 桴 耠邃, 蜞赕
65 戾蝾滂麇耜桴 镱耦徼 40 篦遽眍-戾蝾滂麇耜桴 翳朦祛戾蝾滂赅 镳钼邃屙 磬篦眍-桉耠邃钼囹咫觇 疣犷 镳桊钿 ( 镱脲恹 篑腩忤).

项耢铗疱螯 软蝈痦弪-爨汔玷礤

 




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